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Ivory Coast – Integral care for minors at risk in Salesian family homes

1 week 1 day ago
Ivory Coast – Integral care for minors at risk in Salesian family homes

(ANS - Abidjan) - The "Our Lady of Peace" Province of West Francophone Africa (AFO), based in Abidjan, extends over eight countries: Ivory Coast, Senegal, Mali, Gambia, Togo, Guinea, Burkina Faso and Benin. In the current context of the Covid-19 pandemic, the Province has provided emergency health care and food projects in shelters for minors in difficult situations: one in Abidjan, in the Ivory Coast, and the other in Kara, Togo.

The Abidjan project was fulfilled thanks to the support of the Salesian Mission Office "Don Bosco Mission" in Bonn, Germany, and took place in two locations: the "Don Bosco House" of the Salesians (SDB), which houses 41 young people, and the “Maria Domenica Mazzarello House” for the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians (FMA), which welcomes 21 girls, from the municipality of Koumassi, in the city of Abidjan.

With the collaboration of 9 educators, and the supervision of a crisis management unit composed of two educators per home, the initiative has made it possible to acquire different types of equipment and materials necessary to prevent infections, such as devices for washing hands, materials for personal hygiene and health ... Furthermore, both minors and staff have been made aware of the dangers of Covid-19 and the measures to be taken to prevent it.

The houses have also ensured full care of children and young people. Besides making food kits, medicines and basic necessities available, and in consideration of the closure of schools and confinement, they have taken steps to keep minors busy in a healthy and enjoyable way with school reinforcement activities, readings, educational games and the viewing of courses via national television.

The project carried out in Kara, Togo, and supported by the Salesian Mission Office "Misiones Salesianas" in Madrid, Spain, was similar, with an integral care for minors, through activities for the prevention of infections, healthy nutrition, constant health monitoring, educational and recreational activities. In the Togolese center, there were 66 beneficiaries: 48 boys and 18 girls, assisted by 11 educators.

From both centers, in the Ivory Coast and in Togo, a heartfelt thanks was expressed to the Salesian General Coordination "DON BOSCO SOLIDARITY VS COVID-19" for its commitment and effort in the fight against the coronavirus.

{gallery}AFO - Abidjan e Kara - 2020{/gallery}

  • Costa d'Avorio
  • AFO AFRICA OCCIDENTALE FRANCOFONA
  • Coronavirus
  • Giovani a Rischio
  • FMA Figlie di Maria Ausiliatrice
    Gian Francesco Romano

    RMG – East Asia-Oceania Vocation Ministry 2020 - Way Forward

    1 week 1 day ago
    RMG – East Asia-Oceania Vocation Ministry 2020 - Way Forward

    (ANS – Rome) – Any East Asia-Oceania (EAO) Salesian may access the complete summary of the “EAO 2020 Vocation ministry reports” on Boscolink , projected along the already traditional Salesian discernment path: Listening, Interpreting and Deciding the Way Forward. What wisdom can we get from this 22-page summary, especially wanting to trace the Way Forward for each specific province or delegation?

    First of all the overview table shows a surprising variety and creativity in the mosaic called “Salesian Vocation Culture”: all 12 provinces have at present one Salesian assigned to animate and lead the vocation ministry (2 of them are full-timers), 11 of the EAO Provinces involve their young confreres in this ministry, 9 Provinces invite the young people to an annual summer vocation camp while 6 Provinces offer to the young people monthly vocation encounters and 5 Provinces even a regular weekly encounter.

    Second attention is called by the missing points: while many young people declare SNS or the digital world as their first encounter with Don Bosco and his Salesians, more regular online vocation story sharing is expected; while the period of accompaniment and discernment is getting longer, only a few provinces are preparing their confreres for personal spiritual accompaniment.

    The modern cultural impact on young people is pointed to as the most frequent challenge of vocation ministry (7 Provinces), closely followed by the need to move from simple recruitment to a vocation culture (5 Provinces); lack of clear vocation vision or provincial vocation plan (5 Provinces); the majority of vocations are coming from non-Salesian settings (5 Provinces); lack of role model among the confreres (3 Provinces) and more than 3 Provinces voice their need to involve more Salesians, lay people and Salesian Family members (e.g. Salesian Cooperators) in this important ministry.

    This EAO Vocation Ministry summary is recommended reading for all SDBs. We feel that main challenge of the vocation ministry is to involve each single confrere in this movement. We point mainly to the priority of vocations in each provincial sector, to the need to build up basic structures (vocation team, vocation FB or videos, sharing vocation stories), but personal vision, zeal and commitment can’t be substituted by any structures.

    Among the first follow-up steps may be the attentive reading of best practices: “Bible Camp” in Japan (since 1974), Sunday Aspirant encounters in Vietnam (691 junior-senior high school students and 223 college students in 5 centers), “Saturday evening online VocTok” in FIN province (SDB Vocation FB) or the changing face of the Junior Aspirantate in Thailand or East Timor.

    Source: AustraLasia

    • RMG CASA GENERALIZIA
    • Vocazioni
    • Asia EstOceania
      Gian Francesco Romano

      Uganda – International Day of the Girl Child in Palabek refugee camp

      1 week 2 days ago
      Uganda – International Day of the Girl Child in Palabek refugee camp

      (ANS - Palabek) - The Salesians active in the refugee camp of Palabek, in northern Uganda, celebrated the International Day of the Girl Child on 11 October, together with 307 young people in situations of great poverty, aged between 12 and 19 years old. The day was celebrated one day in advance, Saturday 10 October, in memory of St. Daniel Comboni, a great saint who dedicated his entire life to mission work in Sudan.

      With the support of the "Atabal" Foundation of Spain, the Salesians prepared a great formative experience, wherein, together with the young women, they explored what it means to be a girl in a refugee camp in the light of the word of God contained in Psalm 139, 14: “I praise you, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made.” The young women were thus able to understand that they were created in a surprising and wonderful way by God and that they are precious to Him, who takes care of them and looks after them with love.

      Enlightened by the testimony of Saint Maria Goretti, the girls were able to share their everyday concerns. They too must have a very strong faith to discern the difference between what is good and what is bad; and guided by Christian values, they are called to walk the paths that can bring them closer to God, even in the difficult situation of the refugee camp.

      During this meeting they also pledged to do their part to ensure that their rights are respected: the right to be happy, not to be discriminated against, to be respected, to live their childhood, the right to education, rest and to free time, medical care and the right to grow up and decide who to marry.

      “All the girls present were refugees and after a small survey we were able to discover that 91% of the 307 girls attend primary school, even though most of them are between 17 and 19 years old. Many of them grew up in different refugee camps, always on the run, always with the need to start over and with the impossibility of even finishing elementary school. 8%, on the other hand, attend secondary school and 1% the technical-vocational school, and have to travel miles and miles every day to attend them,” says Salesian missionary Fr Ubaldino Andrade.

      Again, the questionnaire showed that 50% lost their father, probably in war, and 24% lost their mother.

      The meeting ended with a good dish of polenta and beans with meat. Each young person received a "beauty kit" consisting of: underwear, soap, towels, body lotions, sanitary napkins, a blanket for sleeping, a pair of sandals and a water tube.

      “They came home dancing and happy. They really deserve it,” concluded Fr Andrade.

      {gallery}Uganda - Giornata Bimbe e Ragazze 2020{/gallery}

      • Uganda
      • Palabek
      • AGL AFRICA GRANDI LAGHI
      • Ragazze
        Gian Francesco Romano

        Mongolia – Special testimony of Bro. Krzysztof Gniazdowski, Salesian

        1 week 2 days ago
        Mongolia – Special testimony of Bro. Krzysztof Gniazdowski, Salesian

        (ANS - Darkhan) – Bro. Krzysztof Gniazdowski, a Salesian brother, is originally from Skwierzyn (Poland). He took his first vows of obedience, poverty and chastity on 22 August 1995. In 2007 he was sent as a missionary ad gentes to Mongolia. A few weeks ago, the only Polish missionary in Mongolia celebrated his Silver Jubilee of religious profession and on this occasion Misje Salezjanskie (Salesian Missions) - a magazine of mission animation published by the Salesian Mission Office in Warsaw - dedicated an extensive interview to him, a summary of which is provided below.

        Bro. Gniazdowski has always been involved in the education of young people, first in the technical school, now in the youth center. He told Misje Salezjanskie about the mission in the city of Darkhan, where he was assigned. His testimony regarding the parish of Mary Help of Christians reaches straight to the heart: "This is the only Catholic parish in the country and the 250 Catholics it welcomes are all from Mongolia," explains Krzysztof. "In the capital, however, we can also meet Koreans, Filipinos and people of other nationalities. People love to be with us, in the Salesian environment. Most of the parishioners are elderly, then there are some young people and children. It's rare to find a complete family that attends the country's parishes," he adds.

        The article published in the magazine also features many color photos depicting the beautiful Mongolian landscape, cultural and religious traditions. In Mongolia, most people have a shamanic belief and less than 0.3% declare their belonging to the Catholic faith.

        Bro. Krzysztof then offers an overview on the lifestyle of the Mongols, on traditional foods, on work and on a whole series of human details that characterize this population. The long description ends with a reflection on poverty.

        "Some families in Mongolia live in conditions of extreme poverty," he says, "they even live in suburban landfills and their livelihood depends entirely on recycled waste. One day I was about to throw away my worn-out shoes when a boy approached me and asked me if he could take them. On that same day, I saw him play happily in the oratory, in my old shoes. My thought was simple: I took the vow of poverty, but these young people are living it! The simplicity and humility of the Mongols therefore hit me in the heart. I'm learning a lot from young Mongols and their families. Yes, I'm happy to be able to live and work in Mongolia," he concluded.

        • Mongolia
        • VIE VIETNAM
        • Polonia
        • Missioni
        • Salesiani Coadiutori
          Gian Francesco Romano

          Brazil – Salesian Youth Observatory is born, "a new model of oratory for today's times"

          1 week 2 days ago

          (ANS - Rio Grande do Sul) - On 27 September the Salesian Youth Observatory (OSJ, in Portuguese) was officially inaugurated in Rio Grande do Sul, linked to the Don Bosco Faculty (FDB) of Porto Alegre, and to the Salesian Province "Saint Pius X", which supports it.

          The Salesian Youth Observatory will be a place of approach to young people and in turn of reference for the entire world of youth, aimed at fostering actions that promote the protagonism and the construction for each young person of their own life project, as well as the formation of qualified adults for accompaniment and research. From the Salesian point of view, it will be a new model of oratory for the present times, a place of sharing to cast an attentive look at the world of youth and accompaniment. It will be an educational space par excellence.

          “The Salesian Province of San Pio X, an expression of the Salesians of Don Bosco in southern Brazil, is launching a new space for approaching young people and for the formation of people qualified to carry out academic research in the field of youth and to accompany young people: it is the Salesian Youth Observatory,” explained Fr Gilson Marcos da Silva, Provincial of the Brazil-Porto Alegre Province (BPA).

          “Within this space, we will commit ourselves to spreading Don Bosco's Preventive System and other Salesian values in the research and production of scientific knowledge aimed at society in its development phase. With the Observatory, we are committed to collaborating in the positive transformation of society through research on the realities of young people,” added the Executive Director of the "Dom Bosco" Catholic Faculty, prof. Edson Avila.

          To watch the launch video of the initiative, please click here.

          For more information, visit the website of the "Dom Bosco" Catholic Faculty.

          • Brasile
          • BPA BRASILE PORTO ALEGRE
          • Giovani
            Gian Francesco Romano

            Angola – Hope for the future for children living in landfills

            1 week 5 days ago
            Angola – Hope for the future for children living in landfills

            (ANS - Luanda) - Dulce, Esperança and Paulo are three of the thousands of children in the Lixeira district of Luanda, Angola, who are supported by the Salesians of Don Bosco with educational and housing projects. "Lixeira" means garbage dump, and it is in this very neighborhood where survival is most difficult amidst poverty, dust and waste that the Salesians carry on a concrete presence. It starts from a first approach and gradually becomes an educational project, food support, individual attention to the specific needs of each child or young person.

            Angola continues to present a critical situation to the detriment of the most vulnerable social groups, exacerbated by the strong inflation that characterized 2019 and the effects of the pandemic. Field activities show that the phenomenon of street children is growing, even among girls, children.

            But truly believing that school is a resource for changing the lives of the poorest minors allows the Sons of Don Bosco in Angola to never stop being strong, constant, constructive.

            For all minors at risk, continuing the work started in recent years, the Salesians carry on the monitoring and first aid activities on the street, alongside the social reintegration and educational intervention services, and also promote greater awareness of the phenomenon and taking charge of social interventions in the related institutions.

            In recent months, then, due to the pandemic, among street children they have conducted information campaigns on the dangers of Covid-19 and have also created an emergency center where to welcome them to keep them away from the dangers of contagion.

            The Salesian program to support vulnerable social groups is being fulfilled with concrete objectives and results, year after year. Only in 2019, for example, thanks to the Salesian Mission Office "Missioni Don Bosco" in Turin, 237 children and young people aged 7 to 18 in the Lixeira district received all the attention of the street team and, after first aid and the first stages of approach and reception were integrated into the school system following that personalized path for each minor who enters a house of Don Bosco.

            A journey that means creating the foundations for a new future for Dulce, Esperança, Paulo and any other reachable minor.

            Further information is available at: www.missionidonbosco.org 

            {gallery}ANG - Lixeira 2020{/gallery}

            • Angola
            • ANG ANGOLA
            • Bambini di Strada
            • Giovani a Rischio
            • Missioni Don Bosco
            • Coronavirus
              Gian Francesco Romano

              Italy – Don Bosco House Museum, a journey through the Preventive System

              1 week 5 days ago
              Italy – Don Bosco House Museum, a journey through the Preventive System

              (ANS - Turin) - The Casa Don Bosco Museum recently inaugurated in Turin does not limit itself to collecting artifacts and relics of great value from Salesian history: at the same time, it offers a journey dense with meaning. The Youth Ministry room is part of this itinerary that speaks everywhere of the Preventive System. It is presented to us by Fr Miguel Angel García, General Councilor for Youth Ministry.

              The dream of the nine-year-old (1824): wild animals, young people in prisons where violence generates violence, they become lambs. “Here is the field where you have to work”. In the center, Giovannino Bosco receives the magical words of his Preventive System that will illuminate the educational-pastoral action: not with thrashings, but through the power of love. As in all his dreams, the Lady dressed as a shepherdess appears, promised by Jesus: “I will give you the Teacher”.

              On the central panel, the dream of 1844: the transfer of the Oratory into the courtyard with the arcades. "The uncertainty about the place, the means and the people made me worry. I went to sleep with a restless heart”. The churches of dreams (Pinardi chapel and San Francesco di Sales church) welcomed hundreds of young people. These places and Don Bosco's presence among them are engraved in their gaze. Always the blue and the stars reminders of his dreams: stars in the night that will mark his life and show him the way.

              In the thick of the woods, in the midst of valleys, roads and footpaths, Don Bosco's missionary dream at the end of his life traces the mission journey of the Congregation (1886). Those lambs are now shepherds. His young missionaries faced "immense distances and difficult places". The saint looks ahead and remembers the words of the Lady of the Childhood Dream: “in due time you will understand everything”. His arm extends into the lives of many young people who go to all regions, a map without borders, from Valparaíso to Beijing.

              In the windows, original texts:

              The Dream of the nine years, collected in the notebooks of the Memoirs of the Oratory (manuscript written between 1873 and 1875): his more than 150 dreams express the charismatic strength and support the great projects of Don Bosco. Some refer to the saint's spiritual journey; others to the birth of the Congregation and to the profile of the Salesians; others convey important educational messages.

              The Letter from Rome (1884), addressed to the Salesian community of Turin-Valdocco: a fundamental document of Don Bosco to ensure and protect the genuine survival of his educational style. It is one of Don Bosco's most effective and richest pedagogical documents and expresses his insistence on family-style pedagogy, the climate of affection, respect, presence among young people and original trust.

              The Companion of Youth (1847): The first edition of this practical manual of instructions and prayers, published by Don Bosco (in 1888 he launched the 118th edition). It is a pedagogical tool in which he outlines a practical exercise of Christian life for young people.

              Don Bosco wanted to strengthen the sense of a God who provides, is present, active and merciful in the Oratory.

              Illustrations: Javier Carabaño

              {gallery}Italia - Sala PG al Museo DB - 2020{/gallery}

              • Italia
              • Musei
              • Sistema Preventivo
              • Pastorale Giovanile
              • Miguel Angel Garcia Morcuende
                Gian Francesco Romano

                Ecuador – "Donate your computer" - Salesians launch national campaign

                1 week 5 days ago

                (ANS - Quito) - According to Unicef, only 37% of families in Ecuador have an Internet connection. This means that more than 6 out of 10 children cannot study these days. This situation is aggravated in rural areas, where only 16% of households enjoy network connectivity. Faced with these circumstances, the Salesian Province of Ecuador, together with "Misión Don Bosco" and the Salesian Polytechnic University (UPS), launched the campaign "Donate your computer" at the national level. It aims to provide technology tools (tablets, laptops, PCs, keyboards, mouses, screens, speakers, electrical cables) to the vulnerable population of 12 cities across the country.

                Fr Francisco Sánchez, Provincial of Ecuador, said that the campaign "For daily bread" has been underway since March, thanks to which, in recent months, more than 4,000 families have benefited from a monthly card of 60 dollars for the purchase of basic necessities. "Today we want to take a step forward and present the 'Donate your computer' campaign, a solidarity initiative that under the slogan 'No one excluded', intends to ensure that vulnerable children, adolescents and young people can study under the same conditions as those that have a connection.”

                The proposal was born from the initiative of 30 students of the Faculty of Computer Science of the Polytechnic University of Quito, who since 20 July have repaired more than 100 electronic devices sent to the Salesian house in Esmeraldas. "Thank you for giving us the opportunity to demonstrate what it means to be good Christians and upright citizens," said one of the young people taking part in the campaign.

                The offices of the Salesian university in Quito, Guayaquil and Cuenca operate as donation collection centers; an IT application was also developed that allows donors to know the status and destination of what they have donated, thus respecting the transparency policies. The evaluation and repair of the equipment is carried out by the students of Systems Engineering and Computer Science; donations are channeled through “Misión Don Bosco”.

                One of the donated equipment was donated to María Rosa Chasiluisa, who lives south of Quito and has six children. “Thank you very much for giving this help to my children. I'm very happy because with this computer they can make a career for themselves. I felt bad because my children, many times, were unable to connect to lessons or send their homework on time,” says this woman, one of the many mothers assisted by the Salesians in Ecuador.

                The initial goal of the "Donate your computer" campaign is to provide 500 technological tools so that needy children and young people of the Salesian works can attend virtual lessons, continue to digitally meet their classmates, do their homework and maintain the hope that a better world is possible through education.

                At a later stage, "Don Bosco Mission" also intends to work to promote connectivity, which is why the launch of the "ConectiviDAR" campaign is planned, which will allow access and good use of the Internet.

                {gallery}ECU - Dona il tuo PC 2020{/gallery}

                • Ecuador
                • ECU ECUADOR
                • Tecnologie
                • Solidarietà
                • Educazione
                • Internet
                • Coronavirus
                  Gian Francesco Romano

                  The Philippines – Salesian appointed regional trustee for the Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines

                  1 week 5 days ago
                  The Philippines – Salesian appointed regional trustee for the Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines

                  (ANS – Cebu City) – Fr. Fidel Ma. Orendain, SDB, has been nominated and elected as the regional trustee for the Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines (CEAP) Region 7. CEAP aims to strengthen solidarity among member schools through Catholic education, to champion relevant, inclusive and transformative Catholic education with the Church in mind, and to be catalysts of change through dialogue, collaboration and education in the different dimensions of human life.

                  CEAP R7 held its virtual general assembly last September 19, 2020 with the technical assistance of Don Bosco Technical College – Cebu. In that event, Fr. Fidel, rector and president of DBTC, gave the keynote speech for the event entitled, “Catholic Educators Role in developing Faith-driven People in facing Life’s Difficulties”. He was later nominated and elected by an overwhelming majority by the official school representatives of the member educational institutions of Cebu and Bohol. He later was inducted into office in a national online meeting last September 23.

                  The regional trustee is the chief executive officer of the regional division of CEAP and the chairperson of the regional council. He coordinates for the effective communication of the needs of the region, formulate and carry out the will of the regional assembly, and render assistance to the region’s member institutions in matters relating to their operations. He serves for three years and may be reelected for another consecutive term.

                  Philippine South (FIS) Salesian Provincial, Fr. Godofredo Atienza, said of the educational mission of Salesians: “I am happy that we are right there. We are just in the right place in education. I am looking forward to more encounters and I am happy that Fr. Fidel was elected as the regional trustee. The educational ministry is the Salesians’ special mission for the young.” The Salesian Philippines South Province is now better positioned to contribute and inform the educational ministry of the Church in region 7 with Fr. Fidel at the helm. This is both a gift and a challenge to better live the dream of St. John Bosco in our times, even during the pandemic.

                  Source: AustraLasia

                  • FIS FILIPPINE SUD
                  • Filippine
                  • Nomine
                  • Premi e Riconoscimenti
                    Gian Francesco Romano

                    Uganda – Fr Arasu: “COVID-19 robbed refugees of the little that they had”

                    1 week 6 days ago
                    Uganda – Fr Arasu: “COVID-19 robbed refugees of the little that they had”

                    (ANS – Palabek) – “My children are starving. They haven’t eaten anything for the last three days,” said 38-year-old Adol Majok, a single mother of three sons and two daughters. “They are going to die unless I get them food to eat.” Majok arrived at Palabek three years ago after her husband was killed during fighting in Pajok, a town in South Sudan. She lost everything in the violence and had no source of income.

                    After a few months at the camp that hosts around 46,000 refugees, mostly from South Sudan, Majok opened a small tea stall business to support her family. However, her life changed again the minute the government announced the first confirmed coronavirus case in the country. Her list of clients, mostly refugees, quickly dwindled. “My sufferings started. I had to close my business and as a result I lacked something to eat with my children. I now depend on aid.”

                    Deng Ajiing is another refugee welcomed in Palabek. She fled the war in 2017 in Pajok with her young baby after her husband was killed and her daughter raped and killed by soldiers in her presence. She has been recovering from trauma, but the pandemic exacerbated her situation. “Things are really bad. I thought of dying and joining my husband and daughter. But I thank those people who offered me food and emotional support during this period of pandemic” she said.

                    Majok and Deng are among 1.4 million refugees in Uganda facing hunger because of aid disruption, loss of income and rising food prices linked to the COVID-19 crisis. The U.N. Refugee Agency warns that unless urgent action is taken to address the situation, levels of acute malnutrition, stunting and anemia are expected to rise, especially among children.

                    The Salesians of Don Bosco in Palabek are trying to fill that gap, making an effort to help those in need with food, clothing and other supplies.

                    “Refugees who are among vulnerable groups should be remembered because COVID-19 robbed them of the little that they had,” said Salesian Father Lazar Arasu, director of Don Bosco Palabek Refugee Services. “They are suffering because they are the worst hit by the pandemic. The food ration has reduced because of lockdown. But we are trying our best to help them with everything during this hard time.”

                    The Salesians are also providing certified seeds, fertilizers and farming support to refugees to help them mitigate food shortage amid the pandemic. The Indian-born priest said his agency has given farmers several kilos of beans, corn, peanuts and a range of vegetable seeds.

                    “We are now slowly finding solutions to empower refugees to be self-sufficient through the cultivation of food,” said Father Arasu, who is among the five Salesian missionaries living and working in Palabek camp. “We have hired land for them from the local Ugandan neighbors so that they can grow food and fend for themselves.”

                    Catechist Peter Jok, a South Sudanese refugee, said they have been distributing face masks, soap and sanitizers in an effort to help refugees protect themselves against the virus that has already infected more than 31.4 million people worldwide.

                    “We are all worried because we don’t want any refugee to contract the virus here. It will be devastating,” said Jok, who works in Palabek camp. “We are encouraging them to keep the social distancing and observe the set government guidelines to fight the virus.”

                    Father Arasu noted that the economic hardship caused by the pandemic might further exacerbate mental health conditions in refugee populations. The Salesians have been providing information, counseling and psychosocial support to vulnerable refugees in the camp.

                    “Refugees need our support and prayers all the time. They have experienced a lot. We are offering pastoral care and counseling to refugees during the pandemic to make them feel wanted” said Father Arasu.

                    Source: Catholic News

                    • Uganda
                    • AGL AFRICA GRANDI LAGHI
                    • Palabek
                    • Rifugiati
                    • Violenze
                    • Donne
                    • Coronavirus
                      Gian Francesco Romano

                      Belgium – Don Bosco International and the 13th EU Forum on the Rights of the Child

                      1 week 6 days ago
                      Belgium – Don Bosco International and the 13th EU Forum on the Rights of the Child

                      (ANS – Bruxelles) – The 13th edition of the European Forum on the Rights of the Child took place online with three morning sessions from the 29th of September to the 1st of October 2020. The Forum is an annual conference that provides a platform for dialogue between EU institutions and other stakeholders on the rights of the child. The theme of this year’s edition was ‘Delivering for Children: towards an EU Strategy on the Rights of the Child’. Don Bosco International (DBI) was invited to join the event together with other civil society organizations.

                      This year, in spite of the fully online format due to the Covid-19 restrictions, child participation was ensured, so that the main subjects of the Forum were effectively represented in the Forum. The participation of young people and children is indeed one of the core principles of DBI’s advocacy in the European institutions, in line with the Salesian guidelines in this field. Being member of the European platform “Eurochild”, DBI was able to have two young people selected to participate along with others who formed the Children’s Council of the Forum. Indeed, not only the Executive Secretary of DBI, Renato Cursi, was able to join the event, but also DBI Board Member Antoine Farrugia SDB, as accompanying adult of two minors, Stefania (15 years old) and Aaliyah (16). The two girls are members of the Core Team of the Salesjani Senglea Youth Centre (Malta), both active in the animation of the Oratory and aspiring future leaders and animators.

                      When asked by DBI at the end of the Forum about her personal experience in the EU Forum, Aaliyah wrote: “This experience for me was very different to what I usually join but certainly one I will never forget. We met new people and met other organizations. We also got to learn more about the rights of the child and about the involvement of the EU in this matter. An experience I will never forget.” Stefania was in agreement: “This was one of the best experiences I had. I learned a lot about different cultures around Europe and met lots of nice people. I had a chance to express myself and saw that the other participants heard what children like me wanted to say.”

                      The agenda of the EU Forum on the Rights of the Child included both high-level sessions, where three European Commissioners (for Democracy and Demography, Jobs and Social Rights, and Home Affairs) and some Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) took the floor, and four workshops, respectively on 1) combating violence against children, 2) inclusive societies, 3) inclusive education and 4) child-friendly justice, where more interaction among participants was provided.

                      This year’s edition focused on the incoming adoption of two important measures focused on children across the European Union: the new version of the EU Strategy on the Rights of the Child and the brand new Child Guarantee, a social measure meant to support Member States in reducing child poverty. The consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic on children’s lives were also discussed. Specific attention was given to protecting vulnerable groups of children, such as children in institutions, those with disabilities and children in migration, as well as to preventing discrimination of children based on gender, sexual orientation, ethnic group or race.

                      • Don Bosco International
                      • Diritti
                      • Unione Europea
                      • Belgio
                        Gian Francesco Romano

                        Czech Republic – One of COVID-19 lockdown's pastoral fruits

                        1 week 6 days ago
                        Czech Republic – One of COVID-19 lockdown's pastoral fruits

                        (ANS – Brno) – For the last seven months the COVID-19 pandemic has brought a lot of suffering to most of the world and has also awakened a lot of human solidarity with the vulnerable population in many ways. However, there are also positives - future experiences opened - inspired by the strict lockdown situations. Last 7 September, one of the Salesian communities in Europe, in Brno, the Czech Republic's second-largest city, launched a special monthly SDB community prayer encounter with the young on its YouTube channel.

                        Fr Libor Vsetula, the Rector, in a video explains the background and plan to continue this “community open prayer” on each first Monday of the month until next June 2021. The SDB community monthly recollection consists of a simple scheme of praying the Holy Rosary, followed by Eucharistic Adoration and a Goodnight Talk.

                        In the first prayerful SDB community monthly encounter open to the public, the Rector shared last summer's activities - both in dozens of youth camps organized and conducted by SDB with many lay mission partners of Brno-Zabovresky and Brno-Lisen Youth Centers as well as news of the repair of three boiler rooms before the coming winter. A special 'guest' shared his Goodnight; this time it was a fresh perpetually professed Cl. Vlastimil Vajdak (currently a theology student in Ratisbonne, Jerusalem). His life and vocation story may touch the hearts of many young and not-so-young people: “God would like to enter your lives!”

                        The whole SDB community prayer moment is a fruit of a three-month-long lockdown period when the Salesian were close via a professional broadcasting of daily Mass, Adoration or Rosary since last March. An interactive window on YouTube and Facebook also allow live prayer intentions and sharing of young people. The annual schedule is as follows: Sept 7, Oct 5, Nov 2, Dec 7, Jan 4, Feb 1, March 1, Apr 5, May 3 and June 7 (always at 8 PM, GMT+2).

                        Thus echoed, one of the Rector Major's proposals following the GC28 (ACG 433, p. 25) : “We will make known and esteemed what was essential for Don Bosco and for so many generations of Salesians as a fundamental pillar of our work of evangelization and education: the beautiful presence of our Mother the Help of Christians in our educational proposals and in our prayer with the young.”  

                        • Rep Ceca
                        • CEP REPUBBLICA CECA
                        • Preghiera
                        • Coronavirus
                        • Pastorale Giovanile
                          Gian Francesco Romano

                          RMG – Originality and ecclesial relevance of accompaniment style transmitted by Don Bosco today

                          2 weeks ago
                          RMG – Originality and ecclesial relevance of accompaniment style transmitted by Don Bosco today

                          (ANS - Rome) - The dissemination of "Young Salesians and Accompaniment - Orientations and Guidelines", which began last month, continues. We are at the second of the 10 seeds, that is, the most relevant thematic nuclei of this process, which in the research phase involved over 4,000 young people in formation and accompanying persons, from whose contribution the guidelines and directives approved by the Rector Major and by his Council, delivered to the members of the GC28 for the whole Salesian Congregation, were elaborated.

                          The seed for this month of October, concentrated in a 3-minute video made in 5 languages by young novices and confreres and further developed in the PowerPoint linked to the videos, is on the originality of Salesian accompaniment. In the document, this is what is found above all in the third chapter.

                          What is brought into focus is the charismatic treasure that Don Bosco gave with his way of becoming a traveling companion for young people and accompanying them towards a full life, towards holiness. Don Bosco does not invent it all out of thin air. His pedagogical and spiritual art comes from great masters, such as Ignazio di Loyola, Francesco di Sales, Alfonso Maria de' Liguori, whom he met and loved through the teaching and example of Saint Joseph Cafasso. But what is born in and with Don Bosco is something new, in full harmony with our times, as the Synod of Youth has demonstrated.

                          Don Bosco knows how to create an environment where one is transformed "by osmosis", where one breathes the desire for God and that "splendid harmony of nature and grace" (C 21) which triggers the capacity to renew one's life from within, as it did for Magone and Savio. Accompaniment comes in all forms that care for the environment, the group, the focus to each it requires.

                          If all this is important for formation, it is because it is equally important for the mission. John Paul, Alessandro, Gerald, Anselmo and Chema say this clearly in the question with which they conclude their videos respectively in English, Italian, French, Portuguese and Spanish: “At the end of initial formation do we own this treasure? Does it become part of us? Are we able to recreate this educative-pastoral style of being companion on the way, sharing the material and spiritual bread with the young people in whatever context we encounter them? Is not this Oratorian heart of Don Bosco the purpose of all our formation?”.

                          As we read in the document, number 77, “The Preventive System is our way of doing things: it is both a pastoral spirituality and methodology. It is ultimately our formation model.”

                          The “seed video” is available in English on ANSChannel.

                          On DropBox there is also a folder with all the videos in the 5 languages ​​and the PowerPoint/PDFs connected to them.

                          Finally, on Google Doc, it is possible for Salesians from the various Provinces and regions to access questions that stimulate community sharing and which can also be answered online.

                          • RMG CASA GENERALIZIA
                          • Formazione
                          • Formazione Iniziale
                            Gian Francesco Romano

                            Italy – Meeting of Mediterranean Region and Iberian Conference, with Rector Major's participation

                            2 weeks ago
                            Italy – Meeting of Mediterranean Region and Iberian Conference, with Rector Major's participation

                            (ANS - Catania) - On Monday 28 September the Rector Major, Fr Ángel Fernández Artime, participated via the "Zoom" platform in the meeting of the Mediterranean Region and the Iberian Conference, physically held in Sicily, from 28 to 29 September. Other Salesian representatives from Spain, Portugal and the Middle East also participated in videoconference.

                            The dialogue with the Rector Major served to share the guidelines of the Congregation for the 2020-2026 term, necessary to guide the work of all the Provinces. On the occasion, the X Successor of Don Bosco also presented the 28th General Chapter's final document, soon to be published.

                            Subsequently, Fr Fabio Attard, who after two six-year terms as General Councilor for Youth Ministry was appointed last May as Head of Ongoing Formation of Salesians and lay people in Europe, presented a document concerning his new duties.

                            For his part, Fr Tarcízio Morais, worldwide Head of the Schools and Vocational Training Centers of the Congregation, dealt instead with the project of structuring Vocational Training in the European context.

                            The meeting of the Iberian Conference took place on the second day of work, this time through the “Google Meet” platform. The appointment served to create a discussion on some issues relating to Salesian formation.

                            The ongoing formation course in El Campello was scheduled from 13 April to 13 May 2021, and the Iberian formation project and the regulation of an Iberian formation commission were presented. Other debates focused on other issues, such as the Salesian presence in the social media, with special reference to the intention to spread the Salesian vision on issues related to youth, education and the family.

                            Several proposals for collaboration at the level of youth ministry occupied the final part of this meeting, which takes place every six months.

                            • Italia
                            • Mediterranea
                            • Rettor Maggiore
                              Gian Francesco Romano

                              Burundi – Salesians and young people visit hospital and prison in Gahombo

                              2 weeks ago
                              Burundi – Salesians and young people visit hospital and prison in Gahombo

                              (ANS - Rukago) - As part of the parish's pastoral plan, carried out according to the teaching of Pope Francis, the guidelines of the Rector Major, Fr Ángel Fernández Artime, and the pastoral plan of the diocese of Ngozi on the social commitment of Christians, two priests from the Salesian parish of Rukago, in Burundi - Fr Benjamin Gahungu and Fr Raphael Katanga - accompanied by 25 young leaders of the oratory, went to visit the sick and prisoners of the nearby town of Gahombo.

                              The activities, which took place in September, began with Mass at the local hospital, presided over by the parish priest, Fr Gahungu, and animated by the choir of the oratory animators. At the end of the celebration, staff of the hospital’s social office helped the Salesian delegation distribute food and laundry soap to all the sick and healthcare personnel.

                              “It was a moment of relief and consolation for the sick housed in the hospital. In our service, we also made sure that patients who are alone and have no relatives or friends to support them would receive something extra,” says Fr Katanga.

                              From the Salesian parish another team instead left for the prison to offer the same kind of assistance and comfort to the prisoners. The visit was a great surprise for the prisoners and the guards, who were able to share a moment of emotion and serenity.

                              Through expeditions such as these, the Salesian house in Rukago seeks to motivate young people on their possibility of having an impact on society, and to give society a powerful testimony of the importance of young people's social commitment.

                              The youths who participated in the two initiatives are animators at the Salesian center, engaged in ongoing formation courses that make them increasingly effective in assisting the needy. In the near future, they have already planned other gestures of closeness and support to the vulnerable subjects of the municipality of Gahombo.

                              “The young people of the parish of Rukago have decided to become protagonists of change,” says Fr Katanga. “They carry out charitable activities among the most vulnerable without expecting anything in return. Others participate in community programs for the renovation of roads and bridges. Sometimes they participate in the construction and renovation of homes for the needy.”

                              “They, like other Christians in the parish, have understood that there can be no authentic Christian life without social commitment, especially in favor of the most needy,” concludes the Salesian.

                              • Burundi
                              • AGL AFRICA GRANDI LAGHI
                              • Carceri
                              • Salute
                              • Animatori
                                Gian Francesco Romano

                                Argentina – Always cheerful: boys and girls accompany other young people in the name of humor

                                2 weeks ago
                                Argentina – Always cheerful: boys and girls accompany other young people in the name of humor

                                (ANS - Rosario) - Each group of the Salesian Youth Movement (SYM) in Argentina has had to upset the normal course of its activities due to the pandemic. Camps, oratories, meetings, rallies, retreats… could not take place. Yet, a group of boys and girls from the SYM of Rosario managed to generate closeness even in this period, through humor.

                                The idea emerged as an option to accompany each other in times of isolation, claiming Salesian optimism and joy. In full compliance with the health regulations on social distancing, various audiovisual productions were made in an attempt to make quarantine more enjoyable.

                                In this perspective, a first video was produced which then led to other productions shared on the Instagram profiles of the various SYM groups. The “Don Boscosas” kit was the main theme of this audiovisual that made everyone laugh.

                                “It all started with the idea of ​​making a video for all children who, due to the pandemic, could not go to their oratories or groups,” explains Franco, of the oratory "Virgen de Caacupé ", one of the creators of the initiative. “The idea of ​​the video was to show everything we lack in those places and to trigger an identification mechanism. And I also believe that humor and joy are the most subtle and effective way to give a message and make the development of any project much more fun and bearable.”

                                “It all started with the need to bring the playground to children in these times of isolation; to encourage them and accompany them with a little humor,” said Ezequiel, another animator. While Martín adds: “I think we can say that we have achieved this objective.”

                                “I think that the joy of the charism is a beautiful tool that helps us to perceive that God is at the center of everything. It helps us to be a reflection of that love that God has for us and makes us appreciate the things we have, it makes us more grateful,” reflects Gaston, a trainee from San Juan who accompanies the work groups.

                                What began as a form of accompaniment for the young people of Rosario ended up having repercussions in other parts of the country and this is how humorous messages arrived from Formosa, Buenos Aires, Salta, Entre Rios, Santiago del Estero ...

                                Speaking of the experience with the young people of the group, Gastón also points out that “it helped us to understand that we can increase the confidence and self-esteem of each, to be more responsible with the commitment of the project undertaken and to explore new ways to express ourselves, since the children not only had to plan and write the videos, but also act them, sing and improvise.”

                                “I think it helped me a lot to bond with others and learn to work as a team with the kids,” he concludes.

                                Source: Don Bosco Norte

                                • Argentina
                                • ARN ARGENTINA NORD
                                • Animatori
                                • Oratorio
                                  Gian Francesco Romano

                                  Italy – A "scoop" for the month of Fr Rua

                                  2 weeks 1 day ago

                                  (ANS - Turin) - It would be hard to believe: a Salesian film from 110 years ago! No, it is not fake news, but a real scoop. From the Salesian "photographic" archives, entrusted to the Turin Cinema Museum and the National Corporate Cinema Archive - CSC for their restoration, a first delicacy has recently emerged: a silent motion picture, in black and white, lasting eight minutes which films the salient moments of Fr Michele Rua's funeral (6-9 April 1910). All made via the good and intelligent positioning of the camera in various places in Valdocco, in Piazza Maria Ausiliatrice, and the neighborhood. To watch, connect to the Vimeo address below to see Fr Rua's grand funeral, and those three unforgettable days in Turin.

                                  Don Bosco's in 1888 had been a memorable funeral, so universal was the fame of his holiness; but Fr Rua's was equally so, as one can see from the film, more eloquent than many words. The small rooms of Don Bosco and then of Fr Rua, the various churches of Valdocco, the adjoining arcades of the time, the courtyards, the entrance, as well as the many figures and faces of the very first Salesians all speak for themselves: Fr Filippo Rinaldi in priestly vestments, next to him the Secretary of the Superior Chapter (the famous Fr Giovani Battista Lemoyne), the Councilors Fr Barberis, Fr Albera, Fr Cerruti, Fr Piscetta, Fr Francesia, and many other early Salesians. They accompany their second father, Fr Rua, the one who had gone halfway with Don Bosco and who had now joined him in Heaven, to the church of Mary Help of Christians for the solemn funeral.

                                  We see the funeral procession through the adjacent streets and back to the church: young people with musical bands, associations and brotherhoods, clergy, nobles, notables, authorities, five bishops, Superiors, ecclesiastical and lay past pupils and an incalculable crowd of people which form a wing especially along the alley of viale Regina Margherita. If the images wobble due to the technique of the time, the film is movement in itself: the carriage of Princess Letizia of Savoy leaving Valdocco greeted by the most authoritative Salesians, the pedestrians crossing via Regina Margherita to pay homage to the passage of the coffin, horse-drawn carriages that come and go, cars and trams. A wonderful and ongoing snapshot of a sunny afternoon on Turin in April 1910, which is completed when the coffin, the next day, is buried in the niche on the right wall of Don Bosco's tomb in Valsalice, awaiting ascent on the altars.

                                  If the city of Turin acknowledged him not only as one of its illustrious fellow citizens but also as a worthy successor of Don Bosco, capable of maintaining the reputation of the Salesian work unaltered, all that remains is to express great admiration and gratitude to the Salesians of the time for their foresight in having promoted these images, which have now come down to us. At the dawn of cinema they were indeed "in the vanguard of progress".

                                  The video is available here

                                  • Italia
                                  • Michele Rua
                                  • Rettor Maggiore
                                  • Storia
                                    Gian Francesco Romano

                                    Chile – Courage, being good, brotherhood, in memory of Card. Silva Henríquez, SDB

                                    2 weeks 1 day ago
                                    Chile – Courage, being good, brotherhood, in memory of Card. Silva Henríquez, SDB

                                    (ANS - Santiago) - Last 27 September was the anniversary of the birth of Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez (1907-1999), an emblematic figure of the Chilean Church and society of the second half of the twentieth century. Lawyer, Salesian of Don Bosco and bishop, first as ordinary of the diocese of Valparaíso and then, for over twenty years, as archbishop of Santiago (1961-1983) and Primate of Chile. An ecclesial and civil figure of reference in a time of profound socio-cultural, political and economic changes in Chilean society and Church.

                                    The various pastoral and evangelization interventions promoted by Cardinal Silva Henríquez include, in general, three elements that still appear essential today in addressing many of the challenges the current pandemic continues to awaken in the Church, in civil society, in politics, and in the economy: unifying gazes and with common purposes so the current crises are transformed into opportunities for recovery and consolidation.

                                    - Formation in the life of the Chilean rural world, with a family of 17 siblings, which helped to forge in him a courageous and determined character to face needs and adversities. With the pandemic, we are re-learning the courage to overcome crises and to remember that we need each other.

                                    - As a Salesian, the educational dimension of every process of formation and accompaniment of young people according to Don Bosco's proposal: to be good Christians and upright citizens remains the motto which, in the life of school courtyards and in Salesian classes, is of vital importance. With the pandemic, we are learning to revive this practice in the virtual environment with the presence of an accompaniment that builds and fosters trust.

                                    - As an exponent of the Chilean Church, the Cardinal took up the requests and was himself an expression of closeness to the people and the most needy, promoting numerous actions and works of solidarity. With the pandemic, we empathize and support those who suffer most and we suffer for not being able to be close to those who need it most. Let us take part in initiatives that bring the necessary aid into their homes.

                                    In this perspective, a few days after the launch of the new encyclical Fratelli Tutti - Brothers All of Pope Francis, it is appropriate to recall the example of Card. Raúl Silva Henríquez to strengthen courage, cultivate goodness and multiply solidarity as an expression of human brotherhood.

                                    Source: Salesian Bullettin of Chile

                                    • Cile
                                    • CIL CILE
                                    • Storia
                                    • Cardinali
                                    • Raúl Silva Henríquez
                                      Gian Francesco Romano

                                      Belgium – Contribution of Salesian Vocational Training to Europe-Africa partnership

                                      2 weeks 1 day ago
                                      Belgium – Contribution of Salesian Vocational Training to Europe-Africa partnership

                                      (ANS - Brussels) - The Covid-19 pandemic in recent months has upset the agenda of many organizations, including governmental ones. The leaders of the European Union and the African Union were due to meet in Brussels from 28 to 30 October to renew the political, economic and cultural partnership between the two continents. In view of this appointment, "Don Bosco International" (DBI), together with other NGOs, has prepared an initiative aimed at fostering the role of local communities in promoting resilience and human security, in the context of this partnership. Given the postponement of this appointment to a date to be set in 2021, DBI and the other six promoting organizations have decided to organize an information and awareness-raising event, which will be held in the form of a webinar on October 15th.

                                      The event, which will be broadcast with simultaneous translation in English and French, is entitled: “Fostering Human Security and Resilience in the future EU-Africa partnership: the role of local communities.” It aims to offer a platform for a dialogue between civil society, religious and faith-based actors from Africa and Europe, together with representatives of the European Union institutions, and will allow European stakeholders to listen directly to the voice of local African actors.

                                      The stories of the African protagonists will show how local faith-based actors and communities can bring added-value to the initiatives undertaken in the framework of EU-Africa relations.

                                      The stories that will be presented will try to have different dimensions and perspectives of the concepts of resilience and human security emerge. The Salesian partners of this initiative have been entrusted with the task of deepening the role of education. Samuel Mwangi, a former student of the Vocational Training of Don Bosco Boys Town, part of the "Don Bosco Tech Africa" ​​network, will talk about how the education he received strengthened his resilience, leading him to become an entrepreneur in the mechanical sector in just a few years.

                                      Furthermore, this testimony will make it possible to highlight how vocational training can become an important pillar in the collaboration between the two continents. Don Bosco Tech Africa, in fact, is the main African partner of the SAAM - Supporting Alliance for African Mobility pilot project. The project, funded by the European Union and also supported by the African Union, aims to build collaborations between the actors of VET in European and African countries.

                                      The project, which started in 2020, has been slowed down by the pandemic, but will soon see mobility flows between Europe and Africa for the first teachers. If the pilot project is successful, it could be a pioneering experience that would pave the way for a sort of "Erasmus project" in vocational training between Europe and Africa.

                                      Along with this story, webinar attendees will be able to hear five other testimonies from local actors from Africa. At the end of the meeting, several European policy-makers will speak and the organizers will also select some questions for a dialogue with participants and guests in the webinar's final session.

                                      To participate you need to register at this address.

                                      • Belgio
                                      • Don Bosco International
                                      • Formazione Professionale
                                      • Don Bosco Tech Africa
                                      • Europe
                                      • Africa
                                        Gian Francesco Romano

                                        RMG – “All Brothers”: for a culture of peace and dialogue in the world

                                        2 weeks 2 days ago
                                        RMG – “All Brothers”: for a culture of peace and dialogue in the world

                                        (ANS - Rome) - After Lumen Fidei (2013) and Laudato Sì'(2015), last Saturday, October 3, Pope Francis delivered his third encyclical to the world, the second with a "social" theme and clearly inspired, right from the title, from the Poverello of Assisi, St Francis, from whom Pope Bergoglio also took his name. It is an encyclical with a broad, wide-ranging gaze, addressed not only to Catholics, but also to exponents of other religions, non-believers and people of good will.

                                        Fratelli Tutti is not a singular element in the magisterium of the Argentine pontiff, but rather the ripe fruit of a long journey. “Issues of human fraternity and social friendship have always been a concern of mine... In this Encyclical, I have sought to bring together many of those statements and to situate them in a broader context of reflection,” the Pope begins.

                                        In this case, the fundamental text for understanding the new encyclical and its scope is the "Document on Human Brotherhood for World Peace and Common Coexistence" that the Holy Father signed from Abu Dhabi with the Grand Imam Ahmad Al-Tayyeb, in 2019, in what he himself defines “no mere diplomatic act, but a reflection born of dialogue and common commitment.”

                                        In a world marked by many problems and contradictions - shattered dreams and abandoned projects, a throwaway culture, lack of respect for Human Rights, illusory communication ... - the scourge of the pandemic was suddenly added, which made clear “the inability to act together.”

                                        But the Pope's gaze does not stop only at “dark clouds”. The way out is there and passes through the path of compassion and mercy, passes through the example of the Good Samaritan, who “surely had his plans that day ... but he was able to put everything aside in front of that wounded man, and without knowing him he considered him worthy of receiving the gift of his time.”

                                        Just as the protagonist of the parable, a Samaritan, did not take notice or care about the differences between himself and the victim, a Jew, so too today the Pope invites everyone to broaden their horizons, “giving our capacity to love a universal dimension.”

                                        The Pope’s invitation, therefore, is for each of us to our part: “We must not expect everything from those who govern us, it would be childish”; to build an open world marked by brotherhood it is necessary “to start from the bottom and case by case, to fight for what is more concrete and local”, aware that “there is a basic recognition to be made in order to walk towards social friendship and universal fraternity: to realize how much a human being is worth, how much a person is worth, always and in any circumstance.”

                                        The papal encyclical Brothers All stands as a roadmap towards dialogue between peoples and mercy between individuals, to build a culture of universal brotherhood among men.

                                        The full text of the encyclical is available in various languages on the Vatican website.

                                        • RMG CASA GENERALIZIA
                                        • Papa Francesco
                                        • Fratellanza
                                        • Dialogo
                                        • Società
                                          Gian Francesco Romano
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